What are the Bariatric Procedures and Surgeries?

What are the Bariatric Procedures and Surgeries?

Bariatric procedures and surgeries are medical interventions designed to help individuals with severe obesity achieve weight loss and improve their overall health. Here are some common bariatric procedures:

1. Gastric Bypass Surgery: Gastric bypass surgery, also known as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, is one of the most commonly performed bariatric surgeries. It involves creating a small stomach pouch and rerouting the small intestine to bypass a portion of it. This reduces the amount of food you can eat and limits calorie absorption, leading to weight loss.

2. Sleeve Gastrectomy: Sleeve gastrectomy involves the removal of a large portion of the stomach, leaving behind a narrow sleeve-shaped stomach. This procedure reduces the stomach's capacity, restricts the amount of food that can be consumed, and affects hunger-regulating hormones. It promotes weight loss by reducing appetite and calorie intake.

3. Gastric Injection: Injection of the stomach, also referred to as gastric injection or stomach injection (Botulinum toxin), functions similarly to injection of the face muscles. For a period of up to six months, it cannulizes the smooth muscles and motor nerves of the stomach wall. It will aid in decreasing appetite and prolong the duration of nutritional absorption.

4. Intragastric Balloon: The intragastric balloon is a non-surgical procedure where a deflated balloon is inserted into the stomach through an endoscopic procedure. Once in place, the balloon is filled with saline solution, occupying space in the stomach and promoting feelings of fullness. The balloon is usually removed after a few months.

Bariatric surgery is a major decision and should be thoroughly discussed with a qualified healthcare professional. The choice of procedure depends on factors such as the patient's medical history, BMI, health goals, and individual circumstances. Each procedure has its own benefits, risks, and considerations, and the healthcare team will guide patients in selecting the most appropriate option.

Bariatric surgeries are typically performed laparoscopically, using small incisions, which generally results in shorter hospital stays, quicker recovery times, and reduced complications compared to traditional open surgeries. However, all bariatric surgeries carry potential risks, including infection, bleeding, blood clots, leaks, and vitamin and mineral deficiencies. Regular follow-up care and adherence to post-operative guidelines are crucial for successful outcomes.

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